The genetic basis of adrenal gland weight and structure in BXD recombinant inbred mice

The genetic basis of adrenal gland weight and structure in BXD recombinant inbred mice Adrenal gland function is mediated through secreted hormones, which play a vital role in the autonomic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis-mediated stress response. The genetic underpinnings of the stress response can be approached using a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. This method has been used to investigate genomic regions associated with variation in complex phenotypes, but it has not been used to explore the structure of the adrenal. We used QTL analyses to identify candidate genes underlying adrenal weight and adrenal cortical zone and medulla widths. We used 64 BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains of mice (n = 528) and 2 parental strains (C57BL/6J and DBA/2J; n = 20) to measure adrenal weights and adrenal zone widths. For adrenal weight, we found significant QTLs on chromosome 3 for females (Fawq1) and Chr 4 for males (Mawq1) and suggestive QTLs on Chrs 1, 3, 10, and 14 for females and Chrs 2, 4, 10, 17, and X for males. We identified a significant QTL on Chr 10 (Mawdq1) and a suggestive QTL on Chr 13 for male adrenal total width. For male adrenal medulla width, we found a significant QTL on Chr 5 (Mmwdq1) and a suggestive QTL on Chr 1. We also identified significant QTLs on Chrs 10 (Mxwdq1) and 14 (Mxwdq2) for male X-zone width. There are 113 genes that mapped within the significant QTL intervals, and we identified 4 candidate genes associated with adrenal structure and/or function. In summary, this study is an important first step for detecting genetic factors influencing the structure of the adrenal component of the HPA axis using QTL analyses, which may relate to adrenal function and provide further insights into elucidating genes critical for stress-related phenotypes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

The genetic basis of adrenal gland weight and structure in BXD recombinant inbred mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-genetic-basis-of-adrenal-gland-weight-and-structure-in-bxd-JTFoJ7PKOD
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Cell Biology; Anatomy
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-011-9315-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Adrenal gland function is mediated through secreted hormones, which play a vital role in the autonomic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis-mediated stress response. The genetic underpinnings of the stress response can be approached using a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. This method has been used to investigate genomic regions associated with variation in complex phenotypes, but it has not been used to explore the structure of the adrenal. We used QTL analyses to identify candidate genes underlying adrenal weight and adrenal cortical zone and medulla widths. We used 64 BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains of mice (n = 528) and 2 parental strains (C57BL/6J and DBA/2J; n = 20) to measure adrenal weights and adrenal zone widths. For adrenal weight, we found significant QTLs on chromosome 3 for females (Fawq1) and Chr 4 for males (Mawq1) and suggestive QTLs on Chrs 1, 3, 10, and 14 for females and Chrs 2, 4, 10, 17, and X for males. We identified a significant QTL on Chr 10 (Mawdq1) and a suggestive QTL on Chr 13 for male adrenal total width. For male adrenal medulla width, we found a significant QTL on Chr 5 (Mmwdq1) and a suggestive QTL on Chr 1. We also identified significant QTLs on Chrs 10 (Mxwdq1) and 14 (Mxwdq2) for male X-zone width. There are 113 genes that mapped within the significant QTL intervals, and we identified 4 candidate genes associated with adrenal structure and/or function. In summary, this study is an important first step for detecting genetic factors influencing the structure of the adrenal component of the HPA axis using QTL analyses, which may relate to adrenal function and provide further insights into elucidating genes critical for stress-related phenotypes.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 24, 2011

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off