Although there is consensus that the slow vacuolar or SV channel is a Ca2+ release channel, the underlying mechanism of operation is still controversial. The main reason is that the voltage sensitivity of SV gating seems to exclude activation at hyperpolarized (physiological) membrane potentials. Inspired by a study of Gambale et al. (1993) and supported by simulation studies presented here, we interpreted SV activation and deactivation kinetics in terms of a cyclic state diagram originally applied to animal cation-selective channels. A cyclic state diagram allows two pathways of activation operating in opposite directions. One pathway represents the frequently observed slow activation at moderate depolarization (<130 mV). With the open state (O) next to the closed state initially occupied (C 1), direct transitions from C 1 to O can account for the fast activation observed at higher depolarized potentials (>130 mV). We hypothesize that similar state transitions directly to O may also occur during hyperpolarization. The implication of this proposed mechanism is that SV accomplishes its physiological role during hyperpolarization-evoked deactivation. Despite their rare occurrence and possibly short duration, these opening events may last long enough to substantially raise the local cytosolic free Ca2+ level at the channel mouth by as much as 600 nM/ms. Because under in vivo conditions the Ca2+ flux is inwardly directed, the mechanism presented here revives the notion that the SV channel can be subject to calcium-induced calcium release.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 18, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera