Functional intact liver organoid can be reconstructed in a radial-flow bioreactor when human hepatocellular carcinoma (FLC-5), mouse immortalized sinusoidal endothelial M1 (SEC) and A7 (HSC) hepatic stellate cell lines are cocultured. The structural and functional characteristics of the reconstructed organoid closely resemble the in vivo liver situation. Previous liver organoid studies indicated that cell-to-cell communications might be an important factor for the functional and structural integrity of the reconstructed organoid, including the expression of fenestrae. Therefore, we examined the possible relationship between functional intact gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and fenestrae dynamics in M1-SEC cells. The fine morphology of liver organoid was studied in the presence of (1) irsogladine maleate (IM), (2) oleamide and (3) oleamide followed by IM treatment. Fine ultrastructural changes were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and compared with control liver organoid data. TEM revealed that oleamide affected the integrity of cell-to-cell contacts predominantly in FLC-5 hepatocytes. SEM observation showed the presence of fenestrae on M1-SEC cells; however, oleamide inhibited fenestrae expression on the surface of endothelial cells. Interestingly, fenestrae reappeared when IM was added after initial oleamide exposure. GJIC mediates the number of fenestrae in endothelial cells of the liver organoid.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 14, 2007
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