In a number of works dealing with the relationship between replication and recombination in bacteria, it is assumed that recombinations permit the replication forks to resume moving after having stopped at the damage sites of the template DNA. As an evidence for recombination occurring during DNA replication, the involvement in this process of proteins RuvABC and RecG, providing processing of the Holliday junctions after recombination, is considered. However, it has been shown that these proteins are not essential for resuming DNA synthesis after an exposure of bacteria to UV light. These data cast doubt on the necessity of recombination for reactivation of replication initiated in the oriC region. Studying recombination in tandem duplications in Escherichia coli showed that during replication, unequal crossing over occurs between direct DNA repeats of sister chromosomes. In wild strains, this crossing over results in tandem duplications, thereby enhancing the expression of certain genes. Thus, recombination of two types occurs during DNA replication: unequal crossing over leading to duplications and homologous exchange, responsible for post-replication DNA repair. The unequal exchange constitutes a component of SOS response of the cell to deterioration of the environment.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 17, 2006
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