The forest biotic pump of river basins

The forest biotic pump of river basins ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 537–540. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS A. M. Makar’eva and V. G. Gorshkov Konstantinov Institute of Nuclear Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Orlova Roshcha, Gatchina, Leningrad oblast, 188300 Russia e-mail: vigorshk@thd.pnpi.spb.ru Received October 31, 2006 DOI: 10.1134/S1067413608070114 Moist soil is necessary for life on the land. Soil The observed negative vertical gradient of air tem- moisture determines the formation of river runoff, perature in the atmosphere (G = 6.5 K/km) is ob which is correlated with it. Given an optimal moisture 5.4 times higher than the critical value G = H O content of soil and constant slope of the ground, the 1.2 K/km. Water vapor at all heights is not in aerostatic river runoff density (per unit area) is also constant equilibrium: the pressure of atmospheric water vapor is throughout the river basin. In a steady state, the river several times higher than its weight. At the observed runoff to the ocean must be compensated by the oppo- value of G = G = 6.5 K/km, the negative gradient of ob site flow of moisture from the ocean to the land in all the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Ecology Springer Journals

The forest biotic pump of river basins

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Life Sciences; Environment, general; Ecology
ISSN
1067-4136
eISSN
1608-3334
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1067413608070114
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 537–540. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS A. M. Makar’eva and V. G. Gorshkov Konstantinov Institute of Nuclear Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Orlova Roshcha, Gatchina, Leningrad oblast, 188300 Russia e-mail: vigorshk@thd.pnpi.spb.ru Received October 31, 2006 DOI: 10.1134/S1067413608070114 Moist soil is necessary for life on the land. Soil The observed negative vertical gradient of air tem- moisture determines the formation of river runoff, perature in the atmosphere (G = 6.5 K/km) is ob which is correlated with it. Given an optimal moisture 5.4 times higher than the critical value G = H O content of soil and constant slope of the ground, the 1.2 K/km. Water vapor at all heights is not in aerostatic river runoff density (per unit area) is also constant equilibrium: the pressure of atmospheric water vapor is throughout the river basin. In a steady state, the river several times higher than its weight. At the observed runoff to the ocean must be compensated by the oppo- value of G = G = 6.5 K/km, the negative gradient of ob site flow of moisture from the ocean to the land in all the

Journal

Russian Journal of EcologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 9, 2008

References

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