The forest biotic pump of river basins

The forest biotic pump of river basins ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 537–540. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS A. M. Makar’eva and V. G. Gorshkov Konstantinov Institute of Nuclear Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Orlova Roshcha, Gatchina, Leningrad oblast, 188300 Russia e-mail: Received October 31, 2006 DOI: 10.1134/S1067413608070114 Moist soil is necessary for life on the land. Soil The observed negative vertical gradient of air tem- moisture determines the formation of river runoff, perature in the atmosphere (G = 6.5 K/km) is ob which is correlated with it. Given an optimal moisture 5.4 times higher than the critical value G = H O content of soil and constant slope of the ground, the 1.2 K/km. Water vapor at all heights is not in aerostatic river runoff density (per unit area) is also constant equilibrium: the pressure of atmospheric water vapor is throughout the river basin. In a steady state, the river several times higher than its weight. At the observed runoff to the ocean must be compensated by the oppo- value of G = G = 6.5 K/km, the negative gradient of ob site flow of moisture from the ocean to the land in all the Russian Journal of Ecology Springer Journals

The forest biotic pump of river basins

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Life Sciences; Environment, general; Ecology
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