ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 537–540. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS A. M. Makar’eva and V. G. Gorshkov Konstantinov Institute of Nuclear Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Orlova Roshcha, Gatchina, Leningrad oblast, 188300 Russia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received October 31, 2006 DOI: 10.1134/S1067413608070114 Moist soil is necessary for life on the land. Soil The observed negative vertical gradient of air tem- moisture determines the formation of river runoff, perature in the atmosphere (G = 6.5 K/km) is ob which is correlated with it. Given an optimal moisture 5.4 times higher than the critical value G = H O content of soil and constant slope of the ground, the 1.2 K/km. Water vapor at all heights is not in aerostatic river runoff density (per unit area) is also constant equilibrium: the pressure of atmospheric water vapor is throughout the river basin. In a steady state, the river several times higher than its weight. At the observed runoff to the ocean must be compensated by the oppo- value of G = G = 6.5 K/km, the negative gradient of ob site ﬂow of moisture from the ocean to the land in all the
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 9, 2008
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