The flow inside an idealised form of the human extra-thoracic airway

The flow inside an idealised form of the human extra-thoracic airway The mean and RMS axial velocity field in the central sagittal plane of an idealized representation of the human extrathoracic airway (ETA) during steady inspiration was studied experimentally using single and X-hot-wire anemometry (HWA). Complementary flow-visualization results illustrate the complex nature of this flow, which includes several regions of separated, secondary, and recirculating flow. Hot-wire experiments attest to this complexity, with several regions of high localized turbulence intensity measured distal to the oropharynx. Physiologically accurate flow rates of 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 l/min are considered. These flow rates encompass a wide range of respiratory patterns, from normal breathing to the rapid inhalation typically encountered during the use of pharmaceutical aerosol inhalation devices. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

The flow inside an idealised form of the human extra-thoracic airway

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-004-0857-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mean and RMS axial velocity field in the central sagittal plane of an idealized representation of the human extrathoracic airway (ETA) during steady inspiration was studied experimentally using single and X-hot-wire anemometry (HWA). Complementary flow-visualization results illustrate the complex nature of this flow, which includes several regions of separated, secondary, and recirculating flow. Hot-wire experiments attest to this complexity, with several regions of high localized turbulence intensity measured distal to the oropharynx. Physiologically accurate flow rates of 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 l/min are considered. These flow rates encompass a wide range of respiratory patterns, from normal breathing to the rapid inhalation typically encountered during the use of pharmaceutical aerosol inhalation devices.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2004

References

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