The floral organogenesis of Koelreuteria bipinnata and its variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia (Sapindaceae): evidence of floral constraints on the evolution of monosymmetry

The floral organogenesis of Koelreuteria bipinnata and its variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia... The floral organogenesis and anatomy of Koelreuteria bipinnata and its variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia (Sapindaceae) has been investigated to clarify the identity of the two taxa in relation to other species of Koelreuteria, and to understand the shift to monosymmetry in the genus. Although the floral development is highly similar, we found a number of striking dif - ferences. Flowers arise in thyrses, with lateral branches forming cincinni of 5–9 flowers. Sepals initiate in a spiral sequence. Five petals arise unidirectionally alternating to the sepals. The last formed petal and one stamen between sepals 3 and 5 are strongly delayed, appearing as a common primordium, while this petal is completely suppressed in var. integrifoliola. Eight stamens initiate sequentially, differ in size and partly precede the development of petals. The gynoecium develops as a triangular primordium on which three carpellary lobes become demarcated simultaneously. Placentation is axile. Septal slits occurring within the style are interpreted as a deep-reaching non-nectariferous extension of the stigma. The massive, oblique disk with crenate apex develops in an extrastaminal position, but is interrupted on the radius of the lost petal. Floral developmental evidence supports variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia rather than being synonym of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Systematics and Evolution Springer Journals

The floral organogenesis of Koelreuteria bipinnata and its variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia (Sapindaceae): evidence of floral constraints on the evolution of monosymmetry

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Ecology; Plant Anatomy/Development; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
ISSN
0378-2697
eISSN
2199-6881
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00606-018-1519-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The floral organogenesis and anatomy of Koelreuteria bipinnata and its variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia (Sapindaceae) has been investigated to clarify the identity of the two taxa in relation to other species of Koelreuteria, and to understand the shift to monosymmetry in the genus. Although the floral development is highly similar, we found a number of striking dif - ferences. Flowers arise in thyrses, with lateral branches forming cincinni of 5–9 flowers. Sepals initiate in a spiral sequence. Five petals arise unidirectionally alternating to the sepals. The last formed petal and one stamen between sepals 3 and 5 are strongly delayed, appearing as a common primordium, while this petal is completely suppressed in var. integrifoliola. Eight stamens initiate sequentially, differ in size and partly precede the development of petals. The gynoecium develops as a triangular primordium on which three carpellary lobes become demarcated simultaneously. Placentation is axile. Septal slits occurring within the style are interpreted as a deep-reaching non-nectariferous extension of the stigma. The massive, oblique disk with crenate apex develops in an extrastaminal position, but is interrupted on the radius of the lost petal. Floral developmental evidence supports variety K. bipinnata var. integrifolia rather than being synonym of

Journal

Plant Systematics and EvolutionSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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