ISSN 10630740, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2014, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 405–406. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2014.
Original Russian Text © P.A. Saveliev, E.V. Kolpakov, A.A. Semenchenko, 2014, published in Biologiya Morya.
Representatives of the family Exocoetidae are dis
tributed mainly in tropical waters of the World Ocean
and only some of these species have adapted to sub
tropical and temperate waters . Flying fish are
rather common in the Sea of Japan as well, but there
they occur mainly off the Japanese coast [1, 7, 10], in
the zone of influence of the Tsushima Current. The
hydrologic regime in the northwestern Sea of Japan is
harsher and thus flying fish, like many other southern
elements of the ichthyofauna, are rare near the Pri
morsky Krai coast and arrive here only during the
warm season .
The last appearance of a flying fish in waters of Pri
morsky Krai was recorded in August 2013.
A.F. Klimkin, a member of the Pacific Fisheries
Research Center (TINRO Center), observed small
schools numbering 15–20 fish when driving a paddle
boat in Serebryanka Bay, in northern Primorsky Krai.
One of these individuals was subsequently hand caught
in the surf zone. It proved to be the flying fish
Abe, 1953, which was previously unknown
for waters of northern Primorsky Krai. This Pacific
subtropical neritic species is distributed from the East
China (Taiwan Isl.) and Yellow seas along the coast of
Japanese Archipelago to southern Hokkaido, includ
ing the Sea of Japan [1, 3, 4, 7, 10]. In Primorsky Krai,
was recorded several times only in southern
Peter the Great Bay [2, 9].
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A young specimen of
(Museum of the Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biol
ogy, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sci
ence) 28402, 81 mm
), Sea of Japan,
Serebryanka Bay, 45
surfacewater temperature 19.5
C, collected by
A.F. Klimkin. Measurements and counts were per
formed according to the scheme proposed by Parin [5,
6]. The radiograph was made by using a Faxitron
MaX20 Xray system.
Cypselurus hiraii Abe,
1953 (see figure)
12, A 9, P I 14,
29 + 16 = 45,
5 + 19 = 24.
Head 4.4 times in
; largest body height 6.2 times
; eye diameter 2.9 times the head length (
snout length 4 times
. Snout much shorter than eye
diameter. Body width, measured before base of
1.1 times its height. Pectoral fins relatively short
), ending at base of the last dorsal ray; pelvic
fins long (38.2%
), reaching beyond end of anal fin.
Base of pelvic fins located slightly closer to base of rays
of lower lobe of caudal fin than to posterior edge of
1.08). Beginning of anal fin located
on the vertical line through the sixth ray of the dorsal
We could not count the number of scales in the lateral line, as
the scale covering in this area of the body had been lost.
The First Capture of the Flying Fish
(Beloniformes: Exocoetidae) in Waters of Northern Primorye
(Sea of Japan)
P. A. Saveliev
, E. V. Kolpakov
, and A. A. Semenchenko
Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. Pal’chevskogo 17, Vladivostok, 690041 Russia
Pacific Fisheries Research Center, per. Shevchenko 4, Vladivostok, 690600 Russia
Far Eastern Federal University, ul. Sukhanova 8, Vladivostok, 690950 Russia
Received March 20, 2014
—The first capture of the flying fish
Abe, 1953 in waters of northern Primorye
(Serebryanka Bay, 45
E) is recorded, demonstrating the penetration of this warmthloving
species beyond its main range. The morphological features and coloration of a young specimen of 103 mm in
: flying fish,
, distribution, warmthloving species, Sea of Japan