The family Tymoviridae

The family Tymoviridae The family Tymoviridae comprises the genus Tymovirus , from which it derives its name, the genus Marafivirus and the newly established genus Maculavirus . Members of the family share the following characteristics: (i) non-enveloped isometric particles c . 30 um in diameter, with a rounded contour and prominent surface structures, and clustering of coat protein subunits in pentamers and hexamers; (ii) the presence in preparations of purified virus particles of two centrifugal components, made up of non-infectious protein shells (T) that may contain small amounts of RNA (primarily subgenomic coat protein mRNA) and of infectious nucleoproteins (B), that contain the virus genome; (iii) possession of a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome with an unusually high cytidine content (32 to c . 50%), capped at the 5' terminus and containing a very large ORF encodes replication-related proteins analogous to those of other taxa of the "alpha-like" supergroup of ssRNA viruses; (iv) a replication strategy possibly encompassing posttranslational proteolytic cleavage of the polypeptide encoded by ORF1 by a papain-like virus-encoded protease, and coat protein expression via a subgenomic RNA; (v) the presence in infected cells of cytopathic structures, thought to be the sites of RNA replication, originating from severely altered chloroplasts and/or mitochondria, the periphery of which is lined with vesicles produced by the localized invaginations of the bounding membrane. There are 23, 4, and 2 known species in the genera Tymovirus , Marafivirus and Maculavirus , respectively. The genus Marafivirus also contains one tentative species. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial