The extreme dwarf phenotype of the GA-sensitive mutant of sunflower, dwarf2, is generated by a deletion in the ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase1 (HaKAO1) gene sequence

The extreme dwarf phenotype of the GA-sensitive mutant of sunflower, dwarf2, is generated by a... A dwarf mutant, dw arf 2 (dw2), was isolated from sunflower (Helianthus annuus). The most obvious alterations of dw2 plants were the lack of stem growth, reduced size of leaves, petioles and flower organs, retarded flower development. Pollen and ovules were produced but the filaments failed to extrude the anthers from the corolla. The dw2 phenotype was mainly because of reduced cell size. In dw2 leaves, the dark-green color was not so much due to higher pigment content, but was correlated with a changed leaf morphology. The mutant responded to the application of bioactive gibberellins (GAs). The levels of ent-7α-hydroxykaurenoic acid, GA19, GA20 and GA1 in dw2 seedlings were severely decreased relative to those in its wild type (WT). ent-Kaurenoic acid was actively converted to ent-7α-hydroxykaurenoic acid in WT plants but quite poorly in dw2 plants. All together these data suggested that the dw2 mutation severely reduced the flux through the biosynthetic pathway leading to active GAs by hampering the conversion of ent-kaurenoic acid to GA12. Two ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase (KAO) genes were identified. HaKAO1 was expressed everywhere in sunflower organs, while HaKAO2 was mainly expressed in roots. We demonstrated that a DNA deletion in HaKAO1 of dw2 generated aberrant mRNA-splicing, causing a premature stop codon in the amino acid sequence. In dw2 calli, Agrobacterium-mediated transfer of WT HaKAO1 cDNA restored the WT endogenous levels of GAs. In segregating BC1 progeny, the deletion co-segregated with the dwarf phenotype. The deletion was generated near to a breakpoint of a more complex chromosome rearrangement. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

The extreme dwarf phenotype of the GA-sensitive mutant of sunflower, dwarf2, is generated by a deletion in the ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase1 (HaKAO1) gene sequence

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-extreme-dwarf-phenotype-of-the-ga-sensitive-mutant-of-sunflower-kKbhF3BleO
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-011-9740-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial