The cytological expression of spontaneous mutation sy2 isolated from a population of weedy rye was examined. It was demonstrated that the primary defect of meiosis in the mutant plants is nonhomologous synapsis, which occurs simultaneously with the homologous one. An electron microscope study of the synaptonemal complex (SC) at prophase I showed synaptic abnormalities that were manifested as “switches” of synapting axial elements to the nonhomologous partner and the formation of foldbacks of lateral SC elements. The sy2 mutants are characterized by one to two such events per meiocyte. Nonhomologous synapsis leads to the appearance of univalents at metaphase I (on average 4.16 ± 0.002 per meiocyte) and multivalents (on average 0.12 ± 0.007 per meiocyte). The presence of multivalents in 12% of meiocytes at metaphase I may result from recombination in ectopic regions of homology. It is suggested that the sy2 mutation impairs a component of the system that limits synapsis in meiocytes to only homologous chromosome pairs.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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