The Exchange Value Embedded in a Transport System

The Exchange Value Embedded in a Transport System This paper shows that a well designed transport system has an embedded exchange value by serving as a market for potential exchange between consumers. Under suitable conditions, one can improve the welfare of consumers in the system simply by allowing some exchange of goods between consumers during transportation without incurring additional transportation cost. We propose an explicit valuation formula to measure this exchange value for a given compatible transport system. This value is always nonnegative and bounded from above. Criteria based on transport structures, preferences and prices are provided to determine the existence of a positive exchange value. Finally, we study a new optimal transport problem with an objective taking into account of both transportation cost and exchange value. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Mathematics and Optimization Springer Journals

The Exchange Value Embedded in a Transport System

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Mathematics; Numerical and Computational Physics; Mathematical Methods in Physics; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Systems Theory, Control; Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control; Optimization
ISSN
0095-4616
eISSN
1432-0606
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00245-010-9102-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

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