The estimation of pressure on the surface of a flapping rigid plate by stereo PIV

The estimation of pressure on the surface of a flapping rigid plate by stereo PIV The method to estimate the dynamic load of a flapping wing by the integration of pressure on the wing’s surface is discussed. The flapping wing was modeled as a plate flapping sinusoidally in hovering condition. The flow around the flapping plate was measured using stereo PIV on multiple measurement planes along the out-of-plane direction. The phase-averaged velocity field of each measurement plane was calculated so that three-dimensional analyses could be applied. The phase-averaged pressure field was obtained from the integration of the three-dimensional Poisson equation for pressure using the available information acquired from stereo PIV measurements. The pressure field is visualized on the measurement planes. In this study, the estimated load was the torque of the axis of rotation. This torque was compared with the result from strain gauge measurements. The torque estimation, although only on a partial surface of the plate, is within reasonable agreement with the measured torque. The integration of the Poisson equation based on stereo PIV measurements and estimations of the torque shows that an increase in the torque at the start of a flapping stroke is caused by the stagnation on the surface of the plate from the flow that is induced by the leading-edge vortices. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

The estimation of pressure on the surface of a flapping rigid plate by stereo PIV

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-011-1150-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The method to estimate the dynamic load of a flapping wing by the integration of pressure on the wing’s surface is discussed. The flapping wing was modeled as a plate flapping sinusoidally in hovering condition. The flow around the flapping plate was measured using stereo PIV on multiple measurement planes along the out-of-plane direction. The phase-averaged velocity field of each measurement plane was calculated so that three-dimensional analyses could be applied. The phase-averaged pressure field was obtained from the integration of the three-dimensional Poisson equation for pressure using the available information acquired from stereo PIV measurements. The pressure field is visualized on the measurement planes. In this study, the estimated load was the torque of the axis of rotation. This torque was compared with the result from strain gauge measurements. The torque estimation, although only on a partial surface of the plate, is within reasonable agreement with the measured torque. The integration of the Poisson equation based on stereo PIV measurements and estimations of the torque shows that an increase in the torque at the start of a flapping stroke is caused by the stagnation on the surface of the plate from the flow that is induced by the leading-edge vortices.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 13, 2011

References

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