TT virus (TTV) has a wide range of sequence divergence by which it is classified into at least 16 genotypes. A TTV isolate of genotype 12 (TJN01) and another of genotype 13 (TJN02) were sequenced in the entire genome, and compared with the reported TTV isolates. TJN01 and TJN02 had genomic lengths of 3787 and 3794 nucleotides (nt), respectively, which were shorter by 66 and 59 nt than the prototype TTV isolate of genotype 1 (TA278). TJN01 and TJN02 shared the nucleotide sequence with TA278 merely in 53.9% and 55.2%, respectively. They possessed two major open reading frames (ORFs) and the noncoding region with a GC-rich region forming stem-loop structures, which are characteristic of TTV. However, their amino acid sequences in ORF1 were similar to that of TA278 in only 35.4 and 34.0%, respectively; TJN01 was 45.4% similar to TJN02. Comparison with TTV isolates of the same genotype identified hypervariable regions in ORF1 of TJN01 and TJN02, as in the prototype TTV of genotype 1. However, quasispecies were barely observed in them. Furthermore, sequences of hypervariable regions scarcely changed during 2–5.5 years in both TJN01 and TJN02. These results indicate that TTV of genotypes 12 and 13 are much different from the prototype TTV of genotype 1.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2000
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