The enhanced virulence of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus is partly determined by its B-segment

The enhanced virulence of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus is partly determined by... There is a remarkable difference in virulence of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) strains ranging from sub-clinical infections for serotype 2 and cell culture adapted serotype 1 strains, to 100% mortality for very virulent serotype 1 strains in young SPF chickens. It is known that cell culture adaptation related attenuation is determined by distinct mutations in the hypervariable region of the VP2 outer capsid protein, encoded on the A-segment. Amino acid mutations in the hypervariable VP2 region however, offer no explanation for the difference in virulence of classical and very virulent serotype 1 strains. Here we show by in vitro and in vivo analysis of rescued segment reassorted IBDVs that virulence factors are not only located on the A-segment, but on the RNA Dependent RNA Polymerase (VP1) encoding B-segment as well. Insight into the virulence factors of very virulent IBDV will contribute to the improvement of live IBDV vaccines. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The enhanced virulence of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus is partly determined by its B-segment

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-004-0405-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There is a remarkable difference in virulence of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) strains ranging from sub-clinical infections for serotype 2 and cell culture adapted serotype 1 strains, to 100% mortality for very virulent serotype 1 strains in young SPF chickens. It is known that cell culture adaptation related attenuation is determined by distinct mutations in the hypervariable region of the VP2 outer capsid protein, encoded on the A-segment. Amino acid mutations in the hypervariable VP2 region however, offer no explanation for the difference in virulence of classical and very virulent serotype 1 strains. Here we show by in vitro and in vivo analysis of rescued segment reassorted IBDVs that virulence factors are not only located on the A-segment, but on the RNA Dependent RNA Polymerase (VP1) encoding B-segment as well. Insight into the virulence factors of very virulent IBDV will contribute to the improvement of live IBDV vaccines.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2005

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