The root systems of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) plants were subjected to a short-term (6–7-h-long) treatment with low and high temperatures, sodium chloride, and lead nitrate, and the effect of these treatments on the changes in the cold- and heat-tolerance of leaf cells was determined. It was established that chilling of cucumber and wheat seedling roots at 10 and 2°C, respectively, or their heating at 38°C and 40°C, respectively, induced an increase in both cold- and heat-tolerance of leaf cells. An increase in the cold- and heat-tolerance was also observed in roots treated with sodium chloride at concentrations of 0.15 M (cucumber) and 0.2 M (wheat), as well as with lead nitrate at a concentration of 0.1 mM (barley, wheat). The tolerance increase induced by these stress agents was accompanied by a considerable increase in the ABA concentration in leaves. The effect of physical and chemical stress agents is suggested to induce the same nonspecific changes in the aboveground organs. These changes bring about, directly or indirectly, an increase in the cold- and heat-tolerance and are related to an increase in the ABA content.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 17, 2004
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