Sex Roles, Vol. 40, Nos. 7/8, 1999
Th e Effects of Organizatio nal Context on
Occu pational Gender-Stereotyping
De bra S. G atton,
Cath y L. Z. D uB ois, an d Robert H. Fale y
Ken t State Un i
This study exam ined the effects of organ izatio nal context and su bject gen der
on occupation al gender-stereo typin g. Subjects (153 Cau casian s, 10 A frican
Am erican s, 3 A sians, 3 Latin os, 2 Nati
e A merican s, an d 11 uniden ti® ed )
rated 8 gender-neutral occupatio ns on a 7-p oin t bi-p o lar scale represen tin g
the degree to which they felt the occupatio ns were ``mascu lin e,’ ’ ``fem inin e,’ ’
or ``neither m asculin e nor fem inin e.’ ’ O ne exp erim ental group read a m ascu -
lin e-typ ed organ iz atio nal descrip tio n prio r to rating the occu pations an d the
seco nd experim en tal gro u p read a fem in in e-typ ed organ iz atio nal descriptio n.
The contro l group read no organ iz atio nal descrip tion. A two-way A NCO VA
(2 genders 3 3 organ iz atio nal con texts) was used to test the hyp otheses. A
signi® can t m ain effect fo r organ iz atio nal context was fo und, but the interac-
tio n effect was not sign i® cant.
Gende r stere otype s of occupations are manife ste d in the be lie f that ce rtain
occupations (e.g., nurse , te ache r, se cretary, etc.) are ``women’ s’ ’ occupations
and othe rs (e.g., automotive mechanic, engine e r, medical doctor) are
``me n’ s.’’ A numbe r of studie s (She phard & Hess, 1975; Shinar, 1975; Pane k,
Rush, & Gre e nawalt, 1977; O’ Connor, 1978; Yanico, 1978; White , Krucze k,
Brown, & White , 1989; Girondi, Bush, & Nade r, 1991; Freedman, Podsa-
koff, & MacKe nzie , 1993; St. Pie rre, Here ndee n, Moore , & Nagle , 1994)
have previously examine d occupational gende r-stere otyping. Each of the se
studie s conclude d that ge nde r stere otype s of occupations do exist.
The authors wish to thank Carol Lynn Courtney for he r comments on an earlie r ve rsion of
this paper. This pape r was base d on the doctoral disse rtation of De bra S. Gatton. A n earlier
ve rsion of this paper was pre se nted at the 11th Annual Confere nce of th e So cie ty for Industrial
and O rganizational Psychology in San Die go, A pril 1996.
To whom corre spon de nce should be addre sse d now at the De partment of Manage me nt,
Tif® n Unive rsity, 155 Miami Stre et, Tif® n, O H 44883; e -m ail : dgatton@tif® n.edu.
0360-0025/99/040 0-056 7$ 16.00 /0
1999 Ple num Publishing Co rpo rat ion