The Effects of Mutant Gene hairless in Chimeric Mice

The Effects of Mutant Gene hairless in Chimeric Mice The autosomal recessive gene hairless (hr) is responsible for the complete hairlessness in mice homozygous for this gene. Hair shedding that begins at the age of 10 days is caused by an abnormal cycle of hair follicle development disturbed at the catagen stage. This results in enhanced programmed cell death (apoptosis) and ultimately leads to the complete hair follicle destruction and shedding of all hairs by the age of three weeks. To study the phenotypic expression of the hr gene in a chimeric organism, we have obtained 12 chimeric mice hr/hr ↔ +/+ by means of aggregation of early embryos hr/hr and +/+. In chimeric mice, the hair shedding has begun two days later than in the hr/hr mice. By day 23 of postnatal development, hairless areas were present on the coat of chimeric mice or the latter were completely hairless depending on the percentage of the hr/hr mutant component. In four chimeras with high content of the mutant component (68–76%), the hair shedding process was similar to that in the hr/hr mice, though it was accomplished two days later. In three chimeras with 48–51% of the mutant component, alternating hairless and hair-covered bands were observed. These data suggest that the hr gene acts in epidermal cells of a hair follicle, because epidermal cell clones in embryonic skin migrate in the lateral–ventral direction coherently and without mixing. However, some chimeras displayed a pattern which was not so clear-cut: the band borders were illegible and hairs partly covered the hairless areas. In some chimeras, the uniform thinning of the coat was observed. Analysis of the effects of the hr mutant gene in chimeric mice differing in the ratio between mutant (hr/hr) and normal (+/+) components in tissues suggests that the hrgene acts in the epidermal cells of the hair follicle. The interactions between cells have an essential effect on the mode and degree of the hr gene expression, which leads to distortion of the “ectodermal” coat pattern in chimeras. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The Effects of Mutant Gene hairless in Chimeric Mice

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial