Rationale Effective pharmacological treatments to prevent cocaine relapse remain elusive. In male rats, ceftriaxone attenuates the reinstatement of cocaine-seeking while increasing glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) and xCTexpression in the nucleus accumbens core (NAc). Despite reported sex differences in cocaine relapse, these effects have not yet been confirmed in female rats. Objective We investigated the effects of ceftriaxone on cue-primed reinstatement and cocaine-induced alterations in glutamater- gic proteins in the NAc of female rats. Potential interactions between estrous phase and treatment were also assessed. Method Male and female rats self-administered cocaine in the presence of discrete cues for 12 days, followed by 2–3weeks of extinction. Ceftriaxone or vehicle was administered daily for a minimum of 6 days immediately preceding a cue-primed reinstatement test. Results Total cocaine intake was greater in females than in males, but reinstatement behavior was similar. Ceftriaxone attenuated reinstatement in both sexes and was accompanied by increased expression of GLT-1a and xCT in the NAc. However, ceftriaxone attenuated reinstatement only when females were tested during met-, di-, and proestrus phases and not during estrus. A significant increase in AMPA receptor subunit GluA1 surface expression was also observed during estrus, potentially influencing reinstatement. Conclusion These findings extend the beneficial
Psychopharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 2, 2017
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