The Effectiveness of Educational and Needle Exchange Programs: A Meta-analysis of HIV Prevention Strategies for Injecting Drug Users

The Effectiveness of Educational and Needle Exchange Programs: A Meta-analysis of HIV Prevention... A meta-analysis of 16 educational interventions and 10 needle exchange programs was performed to estimate the effectiveness of reducing HIV risk behaviors in the injecting drug user population. Information on intervention, outcome, design and demographics was coded and analyzed for all educational and needle exchange program evaluation studies published between January 1984 and May 1995. The weighted mean effect size for the 6,251 study subjects of the 16 educational interventions was 0.749 (95% CI, 0.708 to 0.790), and the weighted mean effect size for the 1,675 study subjects of the 10 needle exchange programs was 0.279 (95% CI, 0.207 to 0.352), suggesting that both interventions had a positive impact on reducing HIV risk behaviors associated with injecting drug use. However, these results were dependent upon research design, outcome type and follow-up time. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

The Effectiveness of Educational and Needle Exchange Programs: A Meta-analysis of HIV Prevention Strategies for Injecting Drug Users

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1004398707484
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A meta-analysis of 16 educational interventions and 10 needle exchange programs was performed to estimate the effectiveness of reducing HIV risk behaviors in the injecting drug user population. Information on intervention, outcome, design and demographics was coded and analyzed for all educational and needle exchange program evaluation studies published between January 1984 and May 1995. The weighted mean effect size for the 6,251 study subjects of the 16 educational interventions was 0.749 (95% CI, 0.708 to 0.790), and the weighted mean effect size for the 1,675 study subjects of the 10 needle exchange programs was 0.279 (95% CI, 0.207 to 0.352), suggesting that both interventions had a positive impact on reducing HIV risk behaviors associated with injecting drug use. However, these results were dependent upon research design, outcome type and follow-up time.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

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