We studied the effects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seed presowing treatment with 0.05 mM salicylic acid (SA) on its endogenous content and the ratio of free to bound forms in seedling shoots and roots. During two-week-long seedling growth, we observed a gradual decrease in the total SA content in shoots but not in roots. In shoots, the content of conjugated SA increased and that of its free form reduced. Seed presowing treatment with SA reduced total content of endogenous SA in both seedling shoots and roots. The content of free SA reduced intensely in shoots and somewhat less in roots. Such reduction was supposed to occur due to the disturbance in SA biosynthesis. These were accompanied by the increases in the shoot and especially root biomass and length, stimulation of total dark respiration, and changes in the ratio between respiratory pathways. In the roots, we observed an increased proportion of cytochrome respiration, whereas in the shoots — alternative cyan-resistant respiration. We also observed changes in the plant antioxidant system. A degree of lipid peroxidation was stronger in shoots than in roots. Pretreatment with SA resulted in MDA 2.5-fold accumulation in shoots, whereas its content in roots reduced by 1.7 times. We concluded that the type and intensity of SA effects on plant growth, energetic balance, and antioxidant status were related to changes in its endogenous content and redistribution between free and conjugated forms.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2010
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