The Effect of Veteran Status on Mortality among Older Americans and its Pathways

The Effect of Veteran Status on Mortality among Older Americans and its Pathways This research examines excess mortality among American veterans age 70 years or older during a two-to-three year interval from 1993/94 to the end of 1995. Using a structural hazard rate model, we analyzed data on a sample of respondents age 70 or over from the Survey of Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old (AHEAD). We found that at age 70, older veterans have a slightly higher death rate than their nonveteran counterparts, implying a mortality crossover right before this age. Such excess mortality among veterans increases considerably with age, when other factors are held equal. The direct and indirect effects of veteran status on mortality by means of physical and mental health mostly perform in opposite directions, and such effects vary greatly in magnitude and direction as a function of age. The intervening effects of physical and mental health status decrease substantially with increasing age. Many of the mechanisms inherent in the excess mortality among older veterans are not captured by variations in their health status, especially among the oldest-old. A more extensive study on this topic is urgently needed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Population Research and Policy Review Springer Journals

The Effect of Veteran Status on Mortality among Older Americans and its Pathways

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer
Subject
Geography; Economic Policy; Population Economics; Demography
ISSN
0167-5923
eISSN
1573-7829
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11113-005-5056-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

  • Sex-specific life table aging rates in large Medfly cohorts
    Carey, J.R.; Liedo, D.
  • Mortality among Army Chemical Corps Vietnam veterans
    Dalager, N.A.; Kang, H.K.
  • Measures of cognitive functioning in the AHEAD Study
    Herzog, A.R.; Wallace, R.B.
  • Mortality-rate crossovers and maximum lifespan in advantaged and disadvantaged populations: Accelerated-mortality and sudden-death models
    Hirsch, H.R.; Liu, X.; Witten, T.M.

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