Eur J Appl Physiol (2017) 117:1833–1843 DOI 10.1007/s00421-017-3672-3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE The effect of treadmill and overground walking on preferred walking speed and gait kinematics in healthy, physically active older adults 1 1 1 Davide Malatesta · Mosè Canepa · Aitor Menendez Fernandez Received: 28 February 2017 / Accepted: 26 June 2017 / Published online: 7 July 2017 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017 Abstract and double support (+1%; P = 0.04) duration, as well as Purpose Preferred walking speed (PWS) represents a per- reduced swing duration (−1%; P = 0.02) and heel-strike formance measure of mobility in older individuals. PWS pitch angle (−8%; P < 0.001). is usually assessed during overground (via a 2–40 m walk- Conclusion Our findings showed that healthy and physi - way) or treadmill walking in older adults. The aim of this cally active older and young adults who were adequately study was to compare the effect of treadmill and over- familiarized to the treadmill selected a slower PWS on ground walking on preferred walking speed, spatiotempo- the treadmill than during overground walking with small ral parameters and foot kinematics in healthy, physically “safety-related” gait kinematic adaptations. Therefore, active older and young adults after adequate treadmill
European Journal of Applied Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 7, 2017
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