The Effect of Tobacco Plant Transformation with a Gene for Acyl-Lipid Δ9-Desaturase from Synechococcus vulcanus on Plant Chilling Tolerance

The Effect of Tobacco Plant Transformation with a Gene for Acyl-Lipid Δ9-Desaturase from... Tobacco plants with the introduced desC gene for acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus vulcanus were cultivated on agar-solidified Murashige and Skoog nutrient medium supplemented with ferulic acid and antibiotics at 22°C and a 16-h photoperiod. Control plants were transformed with an empty pGA482 vector. The analysis of fatty acids (FAs) showed that, in transgenic plants, the level of 16:0 and 18:0 FAs decreased substantially, whereas the levels of di- and trienoic FAs increased. Transformed plants were more cold-tolerant. The tolerance to chilling was evaluated from electrolyte leakage from tissues damaged by cold treatments and from the accumulation of a product of lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde. It was concluded that acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase was actively expressed in transgenic tobacco plants and converted stearic acid into oleic acid, thus producing a substrate for further synthesis of di- and trienoic FAs. An increased proportion of polyunsaturated FAs in membrane lipids resulted in improved tobacco plant tolerance to chilling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Effect of Tobacco Plant Transformation with a Gene for Acyl-Lipid Δ9-Desaturase from Synechococcus vulcanus on Plant Chilling Tolerance

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11183-005-0098-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Tobacco plants with the introduced desC gene for acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus vulcanus were cultivated on agar-solidified Murashige and Skoog nutrient medium supplemented with ferulic acid and antibiotics at 22°C and a 16-h photoperiod. Control plants were transformed with an empty pGA482 vector. The analysis of fatty acids (FAs) showed that, in transgenic plants, the level of 16:0 and 18:0 FAs decreased substantially, whereas the levels of di- and trienoic FAs increased. Transformed plants were more cold-tolerant. The tolerance to chilling was evaluated from electrolyte leakage from tissues damaged by cold treatments and from the accumulation of a product of lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde. It was concluded that acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase was actively expressed in transgenic tobacco plants and converted stearic acid into oleic acid, thus producing a substrate for further synthesis of di- and trienoic FAs. An increased proportion of polyunsaturated FAs in membrane lipids resulted in improved tobacco plant tolerance to chilling.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 28, 2005

References

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