The aim of this work was to study the influence of storage in liquid nitrogen on the viability of seeds of the hybrid orchid Bratonia and further development of its protocorms in vitro. Seeds were frozen in ampoules by direct immersion in liquid nitrogen and stored in the cryobank for a month. The germination rates of cryopreserved and control (nonfrozen) seeds did not differ and remained as high as 100%. The protocorms derived were cultured on the agar-solidified Murashige and Skoog nutrient medium (MS), half-strength MS and Knop media and also in Morel liquid medium. During the first 45 days of culturing, protocorms derived from cryopreserved seeds grew faster than control protocorms on the MS and half-strength MS media but, at longer culturing (496 days), the size of control protocorms was significantly larger. After 639 days of culturing, there was no difference in the amount of perished, budding, and newly formed protocorms obtained from cryopreserved and control seeds, except half-strength MS medium where the number of budding protocorms in the case of cryopreserved seeds was a little greater than in the control treatment. After seed cryopreservation, the frequency of budding and newly formed protocorms was greater on the agarized MS and in liquid Morel media. Cryopreservation had little effect on the subsequent growth of protocorms in vitro. The preferable nutrient media for culturing the protocorms have been suggested.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 11, 2004
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