The Effect of Seasonal Shifts in Temperature on the Lipid Composition of Marine Macrophytes

The Effect of Seasonal Shifts in Temperature on the Lipid Composition of Marine Macrophytes The comparative study of lipid composition was carried out in four species of marine algae, Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis, Laminaria japonica, Sargassum pallidum, and Ulva fenestrata, as well as a higher plant grass wrack (Zostera marina). Plants were collected in the Japan Sea in spring at 2.9 and 5.5°C and in summer at 23°C. The main lipid components of membranes were determined, and the general patterns of the ratio of phospholipids (PL), glycolipids (GL), betaine (BL), and neutral (NL) lipids were discerned. The relative content of NL in all species (except A. tobuchiensis) was higher in summer. The level of triacylglycerols was as high as 18–37%. The content of individual classes of PL and GL varied between the spring and summer samples, the relative content of PL being higher in spring. In most species, the ratio of PL to GL decreased in summer. The content of free sterols did not depend on the season. The molar ratios of phosphatidylcholine and diacylglycerol-o-(hydroxymethyl)-(N,N,N-trimethyl)homoserine to free sterols varied from 0.9 to 1.7. The seasonal changes of lipid composition were apparently related to macrophyte adaptation to water temperature and to biology of their development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Effect of Seasonal Shifts in Temperature on the Lipid Composition of Marine Macrophytes

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUPP.0000019209.10747.9d
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The comparative study of lipid composition was carried out in four species of marine algae, Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis, Laminaria japonica, Sargassum pallidum, and Ulva fenestrata, as well as a higher plant grass wrack (Zostera marina). Plants were collected in the Japan Sea in spring at 2.9 and 5.5°C and in summer at 23°C. The main lipid components of membranes were determined, and the general patterns of the ratio of phospholipids (PL), glycolipids (GL), betaine (BL), and neutral (NL) lipids were discerned. The relative content of NL in all species (except A. tobuchiensis) was higher in summer. The level of triacylglycerols was as high as 18–37%. The content of individual classes of PL and GL varied between the spring and summer samples, the relative content of PL being higher in spring. In most species, the ratio of PL to GL decreased in summer. The content of free sterols did not depend on the season. The molar ratios of phosphatidylcholine and diacylglycerol-o-(hydroxymethyl)-(N,N,N-trimethyl)homoserine to free sterols varied from 0.9 to 1.7. The seasonal changes of lipid composition were apparently related to macrophyte adaptation to water temperature and to biology of their development.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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