The Effect of Rye Chromosomes on the Characteristic Features of Androgenesis in Wheat–Rye Substitution Lines Triticum aestivumL. (cv. Saratovskaya 29)/Secale cerealeL. (cv.Onokhoiskaya) and Triticale

The Effect of Rye Chromosomes on the Characteristic Features of Androgenesis in Wheat–Rye... The characteristic features of androgenesis in six wheat–rye substitution lines Triticum aestivumL. (cv. Saratovskaya 29)/Secale cerealeL. (cv. Onokhoiskaya) and triticale (2n= 56) using anther culture at different concentrations of 2,4-D in the growth medium were studied. Under variable cultivation conditions, the significant effect of genotypic diversity on the variability of such androgenesis parameters as the frequency of productive anthers, the frequency of embryoid formation, and the frequency of total regenerated plantlets, was shown. It was demonstrated that chromosomes 1R, 3R, and 7R stimulated the formation of androgenous embryoids, while chromosome 5R produced an opposite effect. In triticale and substitution lines, the regeneration ability of androgenous embryoids induced by elevated 2.4-D concentrations was inhibited. Chromosome 1R of the Onokhoiskaya cultivar was suggested to contain genes suppressing regeneration of green plantlets, while chromosome 3R, conversely, stimulated their formation. Chromosomes 1R, 2R, 3R, and 7R of the Onokhoiskaya cultivar did not inhibit the spontaneous formation of androgenous hexaploids in the substitution lines. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The Effect of Rye Chromosomes on the Characteristic Features of Androgenesis in Wheat–Rye Substitution Lines Triticum aestivumL. (cv. Saratovskaya 29)/Secale cerealeL. (cv.Onokhoiskaya) and Triticale

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1016662530665
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The characteristic features of androgenesis in six wheat–rye substitution lines Triticum aestivumL. (cv. Saratovskaya 29)/Secale cerealeL. (cv. Onokhoiskaya) and triticale (2n= 56) using anther culture at different concentrations of 2,4-D in the growth medium were studied. Under variable cultivation conditions, the significant effect of genotypic diversity on the variability of such androgenesis parameters as the frequency of productive anthers, the frequency of embryoid formation, and the frequency of total regenerated plantlets, was shown. It was demonstrated that chromosomes 1R, 3R, and 7R stimulated the formation of androgenous embryoids, while chromosome 5R produced an opposite effect. In triticale and substitution lines, the regeneration ability of androgenous embryoids induced by elevated 2.4-D concentrations was inhibited. Chromosome 1R of the Onokhoiskaya cultivar was suggested to contain genes suppressing regeneration of green plantlets, while chromosome 3R, conversely, stimulated their formation. Chromosomes 1R, 2R, 3R, and 7R of the Onokhoiskaya cultivar did not inhibit the spontaneous formation of androgenous hexaploids in the substitution lines.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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