The effects of radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula D.C., cv. Rozovo-krasnyi s belym konchikom) plant clockwise rotation (2 rpm) around the vertical axis during their growth on growth parameters and also on the composition and content of polar lipids (PL) and neutral lipids (NL) in plant leaves and fatty acids included in them were studied. Rotation in the plane of the Earth’s magnetic field horizontal component did not affect the number of leaves but declined their total mass by 25%. However, a reduction of the root mass was observed only at elevated temperature. Rotation reduced the ratio of PL to NL by 1.5–2.0 times as compared with control, decreasing the content of such PL as glycoand phospholipids and increasing the content of NL, triacylglycerols and free sterols. Among glycolipids, the content of monogalactosyldiacylglycerols and digalactosyldiacylglycerols was reduced in comparison with stationary control, and among phospholipids the content of phosphatidylcholin was reduced by ∼50%. The ratio of phospholipids to sterols was reduced more than by 30%, indirectly indicating the decreased fluidity of the lipid bilayer of membranes; the ratio PL/NL was reduced as well, indicating an acceleration of age-dependent changes in the rotated plants. Rotation increased the content of linolenic acid and reduced the contents of oleic and erucic acids, thus increasing the index of fatty acid desaturation. We concluded that radish plant clockwise rotation around the vertical axis is an unfavorable factor inducing the appearance of the signs of premature senescence.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 12, 2011
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