Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an established risk factor for falls and balance impairment. This study investigated the incidence of falls, balance-related outcomes and risk factors for falls before and after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Three hundred seventy-six OA patients scheduled to undergo TKA were included. Falls data within the preoperative, first postoperative and second postoperative years were collected, balance-related functions were assessed using the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL), WOMAC, Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I), Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), knee extension strength, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) before surgery and 1 and 2 years after surgery. Compared with preoperative values, the incidence of falls significantly decreased (14.89%, 6.23% and 3.14% within the preoperative, first postoperative and second postoperative years, respectively) and the AQoL, WOMAC, FES-I, ABC, knee extension strength, BBS and TUG significantly improved after TKA. Logistic regression analysis revealed that Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥ 3 of the contralateral knee was an independent risk factor for falls before and after TKA. Conclusively, primary TKA is associated with a reduced incidence of falls and improved balance-related functions, and the contralateral knee should be considered in the design of fall-prevention strategies in patients with OA.
Scientific Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 29, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud