We have studied the effect of genetic processes in ethnically and demographically diverse isolates on the epidemiology of complex diseases. Our long-term studies of five indigenous Dagestan ethnic groups have revealed ten genetic isolates with aggregation of schizophrenia-related diseases. According to Neel’s classification (1992), these isolates belong to primary and secondary depending on the duration of demographic process. We have found that the average demographic ages of the examined primary and secondary isolates were about 4000 and 700 years, respectively. The inbreeding level F was studied using two methods: analysis of marriage structure in three generations, which is traditional in population-genetic studies, and analysis of the same structure in extensive pedigrees (up to 11–13 generations). We have shown that with the second method, the F value increases two- to threefold in various isolates. The accumulated inbreeding in the primary isolates proved to be twofold higher than that in the secondary ones. Primary isolates have revealed relatively higher genetic and clinical homogeneity in combination with higher aggregation of population-specific complex disease pathology compared to secondary isolates. A decrease in observed recombinations and the number of genomic loci linked with the disease in primary isolates have been also demonstrated. Thus, our studies showed that complex diseases can be less expensive and mapping of genes for time-consuming if conducted in primary rather than in secondary isolates, in particular when dealing with genetically heterogeneous outbred human populations.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 25, 2009
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