The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection

The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection To determine whether genetic variability influences the ability to detect antibody, nine gp41 ectodomain recombinant proteins from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CRF07_BC, CRF01_AE and subtype B′ were expressed in a bacterial expression system and purified. An indirect sandwich ELISA was developed with individual purified recombinant proteins. Plasma samples from 26 individuals infected with HIV-1 of different subtypes and four samples from the 1st international antibody reference panel were tested against each recombinant protein by ELISA. Heat-map and two-dimensional hierarchical clustering methods revealed that ELISA reactivity against antigens derived from the same subtypes clustered together. This suggests a similar reactivity pattern among infections of the same subtype, and thus the antigenicity of gp41 recombinant proteins may vary depending on the subtype, and subtype-related serotypes may exist among these antigens. Using association analysis methods, eight signature sites related to the subtype-specific reactivity patterns were identified. This study provides valuable information for the development of diagnostic assays with the ability to detect broadly cross-reactive antibodies induced by infection with different HIV-1 subtypes. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection

Loading next page...
Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial