The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection

The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection To determine whether genetic variability influences the ability to detect antibody, nine gp41 ectodomain recombinant proteins from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CRF07_BC, CRF01_AE and subtype B′ were expressed in a bacterial expression system and purified. An indirect sandwich ELISA was developed with individual purified recombinant proteins. Plasma samples from 26 individuals infected with HIV-1 of different subtypes and four samples from the 1st international antibody reference panel were tested against each recombinant protein by ELISA. Heat-map and two-dimensional hierarchical clustering methods revealed that ELISA reactivity against antigens derived from the same subtypes clustered together. This suggests a similar reactivity pattern among infections of the same subtype, and thus the antigenicity of gp41 recombinant proteins may vary depending on the subtype, and subtype-related serotypes may exist among these antigens. Using association analysis methods, eight signature sites related to the subtype-specific reactivity patterns were identified. This study provides valuable information for the development of diagnostic assays with the ability to detect broadly cross-reactive antibodies induced by infection with different HIV-1 subtypes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 variability on antibody detection

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0775-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To determine whether genetic variability influences the ability to detect antibody, nine gp41 ectodomain recombinant proteins from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CRF07_BC, CRF01_AE and subtype B′ were expressed in a bacterial expression system and purified. An indirect sandwich ELISA was developed with individual purified recombinant proteins. Plasma samples from 26 individuals infected with HIV-1 of different subtypes and four samples from the 1st international antibody reference panel were tested against each recombinant protein by ELISA. Heat-map and two-dimensional hierarchical clustering methods revealed that ELISA reactivity against antigens derived from the same subtypes clustered together. This suggests a similar reactivity pattern among infections of the same subtype, and thus the antigenicity of gp41 recombinant proteins may vary depending on the subtype, and subtype-related serotypes may exist among these antigens. Using association analysis methods, eight signature sites related to the subtype-specific reactivity patterns were identified. This study provides valuable information for the development of diagnostic assays with the ability to detect broadly cross-reactive antibodies induced by infection with different HIV-1 subtypes.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2010

References

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