The changes of the molecular species composition of esterified fatty acids (FAs) of total and nonextractable lipids were determined in roots and etiolated shoots of 3- to 10-day-old wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) seedlings infected with the fungus Bipolaris sorokiniana, the agent of helminthosporic root rot. A novel technique of assessing the extent of the infection-induced deviation of FA composition, mol %, from the control value was developed. It consists in the quantitative determination of both the deviations in this composition and the extent of contribution of separate FA species to the deviations observed. The application of this technique has shown that, for the total lipids, the maximum of such a deviation, in accordance with the membrane theory of stress, directly coincided in time with the onset of a decrease in the dry matter content in both roots and shoots. In each of these, the deviation was primarily caused by the change in the content of those FA species that usually dominate in a specific group of membrane lipids prevailing in a given organ, viz., plastid glycolipids in shoots and extraplastidal membrane phospholipids in roots. In both cases, C20–C22FAs significantly contributed to the deviations observed. This fact seems to reflect an enhanced formation of epicuticular waxes rich in these FAs on the shoot and root surfaces as an adaptive response of plants to fungal infection. Nonextractable (annular) membrane lipids, because of their vital importance for the survival of plant cells, differed from the total lipids with a far greater stability of their quantitative FA composition under conditions of infection-induced metabolic disturbances.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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