The Effect of Diuron and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid on the Maintenance of Stable Chlorophyll Content in Greening Barley Leaves

The Effect of Diuron and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid on the Maintenance of Stable Chlorophyll Content... Chlorophyll (Chl) accumulation and delayed luminescence of PSII were compared in greening barley leaves pretreated and untreated with diuron (DCMU) in the etiolated state, and reactions of two photosystems were studied in the plastids isolated from the pretreated and untreated leaves. The effect of treatment in light of post-etiolated leaves after 40-h illumination with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), on the content of Chl and its precursor, protochlorophyllide (PChld) was also studied. The pretreatment of etiolated leaves with DCMU did not affect the rate of greening and the stable level of Chl content in barley. ALA, when introduced to leaves after the termination of Chl accumulation, increased PChld, but not Chl level. We suppose that the primary cause of greening cessation in etiolated leaves is the inhibition and cessation of the synthesis of apoproteins of pigment–protein complexes. The exhaustion of binding sites for newly synthesized Chl molecules leads to their retention in the so-called retroinhibitory pool of Chl, thus resulting in the inhibition of ALA synthesis by a negative feedback mechanism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Effect of Diuron and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid on the Maintenance of Stable Chlorophyll Content in Greening Barley Leaves

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1025679822045
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chlorophyll (Chl) accumulation and delayed luminescence of PSII were compared in greening barley leaves pretreated and untreated with diuron (DCMU) in the etiolated state, and reactions of two photosystems were studied in the plastids isolated from the pretreated and untreated leaves. The effect of treatment in light of post-etiolated leaves after 40-h illumination with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), on the content of Chl and its precursor, protochlorophyllide (PChld) was also studied. The pretreatment of etiolated leaves with DCMU did not affect the rate of greening and the stable level of Chl content in barley. ALA, when introduced to leaves after the termination of Chl accumulation, increased PChld, but not Chl level. We suppose that the primary cause of greening cessation in etiolated leaves is the inhibition and cessation of the synthesis of apoproteins of pigment–protein complexes. The exhaustion of binding sites for newly synthesized Chl molecules leads to their retention in the so-called retroinhibitory pool of Chl, thus resulting in the inhibition of ALA synthesis by a negative feedback mechanism.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 11, 2004

References

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