The dynamics of rural non-farm employment in India

The dynamics of rural non-farm employment in India This paper analyzes the dynamics of the rural non-farm employment in the fifteen major states of India by using panel data analysis for the period 1972–2010. The analysis indicates that there are significant gender differences in the factors affecting the level and the growth of rural non-farm employment. The level of urbanization, the rural literacy rate and the rural unemployment rate have a significant positive effect on the incidence of non-farm employment for male workers. For female workers, agricultural productivity and the incidence of rural poverty have a significant positive effect. There is evidence of convergence in the incidence of rural non-farm employment for both male and female workers, indicating that states with initially low incidence of rural non-farm employment experienced a higher growth rate in the rural non-farm employment than states with initially high incidence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Indian Journal of Labour Economics Springer Journals

The dynamics of rural non-farm employment in India

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Indian Society of Labour Economics
Subject
Economics; Labor Economics; Industrial Organization; Development Economics
ISSN
0971-7927
eISSN
0019-5308
D.O.I.
10.1007/s41027-018-0112-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper analyzes the dynamics of the rural non-farm employment in the fifteen major states of India by using panel data analysis for the period 1972–2010. The analysis indicates that there are significant gender differences in the factors affecting the level and the growth of rural non-farm employment. The level of urbanization, the rural literacy rate and the rural unemployment rate have a significant positive effect on the incidence of non-farm employment for male workers. For female workers, agricultural productivity and the incidence of rural poverty have a significant positive effect. There is evidence of convergence in the incidence of rural non-farm employment for both male and female workers, indicating that states with initially low incidence of rural non-farm employment experienced a higher growth rate in the rural non-farm employment than states with initially high incidence.

Journal

The Indian Journal of Labour EconomicsSpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2018

References

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