Dehydrins are a group of plant proteins that usually accumulate in response to environmental stresses. They are proposed to play specific protective roles in plant cells. Present study showed that the accumulation of dehydrins in water-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings was influenced by their treatment with salicylic acid (SA). The level of dehydrin proteins was increased by 0.20 mM SA, but decreased by 0.50 mM SA treatment. Both mRNA expression and protein accumulation of a typical barley dehydrin, DHN5, were enhanced by SA treatment when SA concentrations were lower than 0.25 mM. However, the higher SA concentrations significantly decreased the protein level of DHN5 despite of a stable mRNA level. Our results also showed that low SA concentrations (less than 0.25 mM) decreased the electrolyte leakage and malondialdehyde (MDA) and H2O2 contents in water-stressed barley seedlings. But high SA concentrations (more than 0.25 mM) enhanced H2O2 accumulation, tended to cause more electrolyte leakage, and increase MDA content. These data indicated that SA could up-regulate the dehydrin gene expression and protein accumulation. Since the protective role of dehydrins in plant cells, such effect could be an important reason for the SA-mediated alleviation on water stress injury. But excessive SA could suppress the accumulation of dehydrin proteins and aggravate the oxidative damage.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2009
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