The development of high-speed particle image velocimetry (20kHz) for large eddy simulation code refinement in bluff body flows

The development of high-speed particle image velocimetry (20kHz) for large eddy simulation code... Flow interaction with a bluff body generates a highly complex flow field and has been the subject of much experimental and theoretical analysis. It has been shown that large eddy simulation (LES) modelling provides a more realistic analysis of the flow for such situations where the large scales of turbulence must be resolved. The inherent small-scale spatial velocity averaging in particle image velocimetry (PIV) is commensurate with the sub-grid scale modelling of LES and, therefore, offers potential as a code refinement technique. To demonstrate this potential, however, PIV must be performed with a temporal resolution of typically kHz and a spatial resolution of sub-mm2 to be relevant for the vast majority of flows of engineering interest. This paper reports the development of a high-speed PIV system capable of operating at 20 kHz with a spatial resolution of 0.9 mm2. This is the combined highest speed, highest resolution PIV data reported to date. The experiment chosen to demonstrate the system is the study of the steady flow interaction with circular and square cross-section obstacles. A Reynolds number of 3,900 is chosen for the cylinder flow to extend the database used by Breuer M. (1998 Int J Heat Fluid 19:512–521) in his extensive LES modelling of this flow. Data presented include a sequence of two-dimensional velocity and vorticity fields, including flow streamlines. Importantly, the random error, inherent in a PIV measurement, is discussed and a formula presented which allows the error to be estimated and regions of the flow identified where LES comparisons would be uncertain. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

The development of high-speed particle image velocimetry (20kHz) for large eddy simulation code refinement in bluff body flows

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