A 15-year-old boy sustained a severe inhalation injury and second/third degree burns following a flame burn involving the face, neck, upper thoracic regions, and upper extremities measuring 25% of his total body surface area. The right arm had a full-thickness burn, the left arm deep partial-thickness burns. Tangential excision and split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) were performed. Because of the full-thickness burns on the right arm, an epifascial excision was necessary on the left arm, sparing the venous tributaries. To reconstruct the epifascially excised extremity, a new concept was used. Split-thickness skin graftings were selectively distributed over the digits, and the remaining zones were covered with a synthetic dermal substitute (Integra). Unfortunately, the dressing changes and the definitive grafting of the synthetic dermal substitute had to be delayed until day 62 because of severe lung failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the necessity for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, multiple organ failure, and prolonged intensive care stay. Despite circulatory and ischemic complications, all grafts taken on both extremities after incorporation of the dermal substitute, both immediate and delayed, were complete. There was no infection or other complication. The functional range of motion of all involved joints and the skin surface quality and contour were remarkably good. It is emphasized that the considerations in this report should be considered as preliminary and that further investigations are required.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 13, 2002
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