Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L., cv. Sibirskii skorospelyi) and cucumber (Cucumis sativus L., cv. Konkurent) plants were grown in a soil culture in a greenhouse at an average daily temperature of 20°C and ambient illumination until the development of five and eight true leaves, respectively. During the subsequent three days, some plants were kept in a climatic chamber at 6°C in the light, whereas other plants remained in a greenhouse (control). The cold-resistance of cucumber leaves and roots, as assayed from the electrolyte leakage, was reduced after cold exposure stronger than cold-resistance of tomato organs. The ratio photosynthesis/dark respiration was lower in cucumber than in tomato leaves at all measurement temperatures. The concentrations of sugars (sucrose + glucose + fructose) increased in chilled tomato roots but decreased in cucumber roots. Cold exposure changed the activities of various invertase forms (soluble and insoluble acidic and alkaline invertases). The total invertase activity and the ratio of mono- to disaccharides increased. The lower cucumber cold-resistance is related to the higher sensitivity of its photosynthetic apparatus to chilling and, as a consequence, insufficient root supply with sugars.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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