The tight junction seal formed between epithelial cells varies among tissues in both tightness and ionic charge selectivity. We recently demonstrated that the extracellular domains of the claudin family of proteins are determinants of both characteristics, but in that study other unidentified domains in the claudins clearly contributed to their physiological potency. To investigate the importance of the cytoplasmic carboxyl-terminal domains in determining the degree to which a claudin can influence barrier properties, we constructed chimeras by exchanging the tails of claudin-2 and -4 and expressing them in MDCK II cells. Although swapping these domains had little effect on claudin localization, we found that the tail of claudin-2 could stabilize claudin-4, with a concomitant increase in both protein level and physiologic influence. This difference in stability was not an artifact of their chimeric structure, since metabolic radio-labeling experiments revealed that the half-life of endogenous claudin-2 is more than three times longer than claudin-4 (>12 h and ∼4 h respectively). Further, half-life was not affected by removing the carboxyl-terminal three amino acids, which form a PDZ-binding motif. The finding that cytoplasmic tails of claudins strongly influence stability reveals a potential mechanism by which cells can establish their tight junction protein composition and thus function.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera