The cyclization index and toughness of gel spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) proportionality with its heat of stabilization

The cyclization index and toughness of gel spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) proportionality with its... The spun tapes of synthesized PAN, its copolymer with 1 wt% itaconic acid, and doped version with 1 wt% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) all showed stripy, even, and compact cross-sections as the hallmark of gel forming products. PAN doping with SDS and acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid reduced its dimethylformamide (DMF) solution structural viscosity index (Δη) by 50% and 30%, respectively, at 675 s− 1. In addition, the modification of synthesized PAN through doping and acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid led to severe and mild gelation temperature decrease, respectively. The stabilization peak of the synthesized PAN tape was enhanced as much as 25 °C by 900% hot drawing, decreased by about 10 °C through copolymerization, while experienced small temperature changes through doping. The second derivative of Fourier transform infrared and Gaussian fitting was used to analyze the tapes cyclization due to stabilization treatment through introducing I sd index. 10 min I sd index was raised as much as 430% and 800% in comparison with the synthesized PAN through its doping or acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid, respectively. Further 180 min of I sd index, however, showed the same proportional increase as toughness of the drawn tapes versus their heat of stabilization through their physical and chemical modifications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Iranian Polymer Journal Springer Journals

The cyclization index and toughness of gel spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) proportionality with its heat of stabilization

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
ISSN
1026-1265
eISSN
1735-5265
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13726-018-0617-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The spun tapes of synthesized PAN, its copolymer with 1 wt% itaconic acid, and doped version with 1 wt% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) all showed stripy, even, and compact cross-sections as the hallmark of gel forming products. PAN doping with SDS and acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid reduced its dimethylformamide (DMF) solution structural viscosity index (Δη) by 50% and 30%, respectively, at 675 s− 1. In addition, the modification of synthesized PAN through doping and acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid led to severe and mild gelation temperature decrease, respectively. The stabilization peak of the synthesized PAN tape was enhanced as much as 25 °C by 900% hot drawing, decreased by about 10 °C through copolymerization, while experienced small temperature changes through doping. The second derivative of Fourier transform infrared and Gaussian fitting was used to analyze the tapes cyclization due to stabilization treatment through introducing I sd index. 10 min I sd index was raised as much as 430% and 800% in comparison with the synthesized PAN through its doping or acrylonitrile copolymerization with itaconic acid, respectively. Further 180 min of I sd index, however, showed the same proportional increase as toughness of the drawn tapes versus their heat of stabilization through their physical and chemical modifications.

Journal

Iranian Polymer JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 25, 2018

References

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