The Cultural Adaptation of Prevention Interventions: Resolving Tensions Between Fidelity and Fit

The Cultural Adaptation of Prevention Interventions: Resolving Tensions Between Fidelity and Fit A dynamic tension has developed in prevention science regarding two imperatives: (a) fidelity of implementation—the delivery of a manualized prevention intervention program as prescribed by the program developer, and (b) program adaptation—the modification of program content to accommodate the needs of a specific consumer group. This paper examines this complex programmatic issue from a community-based participatory research approach for program adaptation that emphasizes motivating community participation to enhance program outcomes. Several issues, key concepts, and implementation strategies are presented under a strategic approach to address issues of fidelity and adaptation. Despite the noted tension between fidelity and adaptation, both are essential elements of prevention intervention program design and they are best addressed by a planned, organized, and systematic approach. Towards this aim, an innovative program design strategy is to develop hybrid prevention programs that “build in” adaptation to enhance program fit while also maximizing fidelity of implementation and program effectiveness. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Prevention Science Springer Journals

The Cultural Adaptation of Prevention Interventions: Resolving Tensions Between Fidelity and Fit

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Society for Prevention Research
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Health Psychology; Child and School Psychology
ISSN
1389-4986
eISSN
1573-6695
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:PREV.0000013980.12412.cd
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A dynamic tension has developed in prevention science regarding two imperatives: (a) fidelity of implementation—the delivery of a manualized prevention intervention program as prescribed by the program developer, and (b) program adaptation—the modification of program content to accommodate the needs of a specific consumer group. This paper examines this complex programmatic issue from a community-based participatory research approach for program adaptation that emphasizes motivating community participation to enhance program outcomes. Several issues, key concepts, and implementation strategies are presented under a strategic approach to address issues of fidelity and adaptation. Despite the noted tension between fidelity and adaptation, both are essential elements of prevention intervention program design and they are best addressed by a planned, organized, and systematic approach. Towards this aim, an innovative program design strategy is to develop hybrid prevention programs that “build in” adaptation to enhance program fit while also maximizing fidelity of implementation and program effectiveness.

Journal

Prevention ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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