The Contribution of University Spin-Offs to the Competitive Advantage of Regions

The Contribution of University Spin-Offs to the Competitive Advantage of Regions The regional knowledge creation is the dominant economic explanation of regional competitiveness. In view of this, the commercialization and diffusion of knowledge/technology, developed in academia, have increased the attention of policy makers as strategic and key element, supporting and fostering the regional socio-economic development and competitiveness. University spin-offs (USOs), companies created to exploit the knowledge and technology developed within a university, are a potential and active way to stimulate the knowledge growth of economies in different regional contexts. The paper tests the hypothesis that USOs may partly determine the competitive advantage of the regions. Based on a longitudinal sample of 952 USOs located in 20 Italian administrative regions and by applying 6 linear-mixed models, the results show that USOs effectively contribute in fostering regional competitiveness only in terms of number (count) of USOs from a given university, while the effect of their patent activity is weak. On the basis of the results, some remarkable theoretical, managerial, and policy implications are advanced. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Knowledge Economy Springer Journals

The Contribution of University Spin-Offs to the Competitive Advantage of Regions

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Economics; Political Economy/Economic Policy; R & D/Technology Policy; Entrepreneurship
ISSN
1868-7865
eISSN
1868-7873
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13132-017-0501-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The regional knowledge creation is the dominant economic explanation of regional competitiveness. In view of this, the commercialization and diffusion of knowledge/technology, developed in academia, have increased the attention of policy makers as strategic and key element, supporting and fostering the regional socio-economic development and competitiveness. University spin-offs (USOs), companies created to exploit the knowledge and technology developed within a university, are a potential and active way to stimulate the knowledge growth of economies in different regional contexts. The paper tests the hypothesis that USOs may partly determine the competitive advantage of the regions. Based on a longitudinal sample of 952 USOs located in 20 Italian administrative regions and by applying 6 linear-mixed models, the results show that USOs effectively contribute in fostering regional competitiveness only in terms of number (count) of USOs from a given university, while the effect of their patent activity is weak. On the basis of the results, some remarkable theoretical, managerial, and policy implications are advanced.

Journal

Journal of the Knowledge EconomySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 13, 2017

References

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