Human Ecology (2018) 46:1–2 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-018-9966-1 The Constitutionality Approach: Conditions, Opportunities, and Challenges for Bottom-Up Institution Building 1 2 3 Tobias Haller & Jill M. Belsky & Stephan Rist Published online: 16 January 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018 The following seven articles address the constitutionality ap- constitutionality. They highlight how local fishers, farmers, proach for analyzing bottom-up institution building processes ranchers, and other resource users and managers experience (Haller et al. 2016). The concept of constitutionality was con- competing resource interests and countervailing ideologies ceived to better understand local actors’ own active formulation and discourses, and the ways they engage in collective action and implementation of actions to manage common pool re- to pursue their own interests by gaining bargaining power, sources for their own collective benefit. It emerged from cri- demonstrating that elements of constitutionality often rise tiques of natural resource management and conservation pro- from the manifold failures of state actors and policies to ade- grams that were labeled Bparticipatory^ and Bcommunity^- quately manage resources. The authors describe how actors based but were not in actuality about democratization, decen- create effective partnerships and alliances, often arising from tralization, or even meaningful participation. While
Human Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 16, 2018
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