The Connexin Turnover, an Important Modulating Factor of the Level of Cell-to-Cell Junctional Communication: Comparison with Other Integral Membrane Proteins

The Connexin Turnover, an Important Modulating Factor of the Level of Cell-to-Cell Junctional... The constituent proteins of gap junctions, called “connexins” (Cxs) in chordates, are generally renewed several times a day, in approximately the same rate range as many other integral plasma membrane proteins and the proteins of other channels, other intercellular junctions or different membrane receptors. This permanent renewal turns on a fine-tuned balance among various processes, such as gene transcription, mRNA stability and processing, protein synthesis and oligomerization, posttranslational modifications, transport to the plasma membrane, anchoring to the cytoskeleton, connexon aggregation and docking, regulation of endocytosis and controlled degradations of the proteins. Subtle changes at one or some of these steps would represent an exquisite level of regulation that extends beyond the rapid channel opening and closure events associated with channel gating; membrane channels and receptors are constantly able to answer to physiological requirements to either up- or downregulate their activity. The Cx turnover rate thereby appears to be a key component in the regulation of any protein, particularly of gap junctional proteins. However, the physiological stimuli that control the assembly of Cxs into gap junctions and their degradation remain poorly understood. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

The Connexin Turnover, an Important Modulating Factor of the Level of Cell-to-Cell Junctional Communication: Comparison with Other Integral Membrane Proteins

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-connexin-turnover-an-important-modulating-factor-of-the-level-of-0BSrMG7zZE
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-007-9054-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The constituent proteins of gap junctions, called “connexins” (Cxs) in chordates, are generally renewed several times a day, in approximately the same rate range as many other integral plasma membrane proteins and the proteins of other channels, other intercellular junctions or different membrane receptors. This permanent renewal turns on a fine-tuned balance among various processes, such as gene transcription, mRNA stability and processing, protein synthesis and oligomerization, posttranslational modifications, transport to the plasma membrane, anchoring to the cytoskeleton, connexon aggregation and docking, regulation of endocytosis and controlled degradations of the proteins. Subtle changes at one or some of these steps would represent an exquisite level of regulation that extends beyond the rapid channel opening and closure events associated with channel gating; membrane channels and receptors are constantly able to answer to physiological requirements to either up- or downregulate their activity. The Cx turnover rate thereby appears to be a key component in the regulation of any protein, particularly of gap junctional proteins. However, the physiological stimuli that control the assembly of Cxs into gap junctions and their degradation remain poorly understood.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off