The composition of fatty acids in the endosperm and embryo lipids of Pinus sibirica and P. sylvestris seeds

The composition of fatty acids in the endosperm and embryo lipids of Pinus sibirica and P.... The fatty acid (FA) composition of storage lipids in the seed endosperms and embryos of two pine species, Pinus sibirica and P. sylvestris, and possible biosynthetic pathways of these acids were studied by the GLC method. Linoleic acid predominated in the embryo and endosperm lipids of both P. sibirica (43.5 and 42.6%) and P. sylvestris (44.8 and 46.8%); this was evidently determined by a high expression of the gene encoding stearoyl-Δ9 acyl-lipid desaturase and the fad2 gene encoding microsomal ω6 acyl-lipid desaturase. P. sibirica lipids of the embryo and endosperm contained more oleic acid (22.0 and 24.0%, respectively) than corresponding P. sylvestris lipids (18.7 and 14%). Storage lipids of conifer seeds contain Δ5-unsaturated FAs: taxoleic (18:2Δ5,9), ephedrenic (18:2Δ5,11), pinoleenic (18:3Δ5,9,12), skiadonic (18:3Δ5,11, 14), and coniferonic (18:4Δ5,9,12,15). In the endosperm and embryos of P. sylvestris, the content of pinolenic acid was higher (22.1 and 19.6%) than in P. sibirica seeds (19.1 and 18.6%). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The composition of fatty acids in the endosperm and embryo lipids of Pinus sibirica and P. sylvestris seeds

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443708040080
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The fatty acid (FA) composition of storage lipids in the seed endosperms and embryos of two pine species, Pinus sibirica and P. sylvestris, and possible biosynthetic pathways of these acids were studied by the GLC method. Linoleic acid predominated in the embryo and endosperm lipids of both P. sibirica (43.5 and 42.6%) and P. sylvestris (44.8 and 46.8%); this was evidently determined by a high expression of the gene encoding stearoyl-Δ9 acyl-lipid desaturase and the fad2 gene encoding microsomal ω6 acyl-lipid desaturase. P. sibirica lipids of the embryo and endosperm contained more oleic acid (22.0 and 24.0%, respectively) than corresponding P. sylvestris lipids (18.7 and 14%). Storage lipids of conifer seeds contain Δ5-unsaturated FAs: taxoleic (18:2Δ5,9), ephedrenic (18:2Δ5,11), pinoleenic (18:3Δ5,9,12), skiadonic (18:3Δ5,11, 14), and coniferonic (18:4Δ5,9,12,15). In the endosperm and embryos of P. sylvestris, the content of pinolenic acid was higher (22.1 and 19.6%) than in P. sibirica seeds (19.1 and 18.6%).

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 12, 2008

References

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