This study examines the composition of lipids, fatty acids, and fatty aldehydes in two marine bryozoan species, Berenicea meandrina and Dendrobeania flustroides, from the Sea of Okhotsk. The share of neutral lipids was up to 57.3% in D. flustroides and 54.9% in B. meandrina; the share of polar lipids was 33.2 and 40.4%, respectively. In all, 57 fatty acids (FA) and 9 aldehydes were identified in total lipids. The main FAs were 16:0, 18:0, 22:6n-3, and 20:5n-3. The content of branched saturated FA in bryozoans was on the average 6.4%. Three isomers of 16:1 (n-9, n-7, and n-5), five isomers of 18:1 (n-13, n-11, n-9, n-7, and n-5), four isomers of 20:1 (n-13, n-11, n-9, and n-7), as well as 22:1n-9 and 22:1n-13 were found; the presence of 7-methyl-6-hexadienoic acid (on the average, 3.0% of total FAs) was demonstrated. Non-methylene-inter-rupted FAs contributed 8.9 and 1.6% of the total FAs in D. flustroides and B. meandrina, respectively, and were identified as 20:2(5,11), 20:2(7,13), 20:3(5,11,14), 22:2(7,13), and 22:2(7,15). In B. meandrina, minor amounts of 24:0, 24:1, 25:0, 26:0, 24:4n-3, 26:3(5,9,19), and 28:3(5,9,19) were found, suggesting sponge biofouling on some bryozoan colonies. Aldehydes (branched saturated and unsaturated C16–19 homologues) did not exceed 10.3 and 1.9% of the total FAs in D. flustroides and B. meandrina, respectively. The presence of the FA markers that are characteristic of microalgae, protozoans, and detritus in bryozoan lipids agrees well with data on polytrophic feeding of these bryozoans.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 29, 2010
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