The composition and structural characteristics of polysaccharides of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis

The composition and structural characteristics of polysaccharides of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis The present study examines the polysaccharide composition of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis. The major polysaccharide of E. bicyclis is shown to be sodium alginate (15.8% of the dry defatted alga weight). The yields of laminaran and fucoidan were 1.4% and 1.3% of the dry defatted alga weight, respectively. The alga contains laminaran (1,3;1,6-β-D-glucan) that has a unique structure, a high content of 1,6-linked D-glucose residues (the ratio of 1,3: 1,6 linkage is 1.5: 1), and an unusually high molecular weight (19–27 kDa). The fucoidan fractions isolated from E. bicyclis are sulfated and acetylated heteropolysaccharides that differ in their sulfate content and monosaccharide composition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

The composition and structural characteristics of polysaccharides of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074013030103
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study examines the polysaccharide composition of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis. The major polysaccharide of E. bicyclis is shown to be sodium alginate (15.8% of the dry defatted alga weight). The yields of laminaran and fucoidan were 1.4% and 1.3% of the dry defatted alga weight, respectively. The alga contains laminaran (1,3;1,6-β-D-glucan) that has a unique structure, a high content of 1,6-linked D-glucose residues (the ratio of 1,3: 1,6 linkage is 1.5: 1), and an unusually high molecular weight (19–27 kDa). The fucoidan fractions isolated from E. bicyclis are sulfated and acetylated heteropolysaccharides that differ in their sulfate content and monosaccharide composition.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 5, 2013

References

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