The complete nucleotide sequence of pepper severe mosaic virus (PepSMV) was determined. The viral genome consisted of 9890 nucleotides, excluding a poly (A) tract at the 3′ end of the genome. The PepSMV RNA genome encoded a single polyprotein of 3085 amino acid residues, resulting in ten functionally distinct potyviral proteins. The lengths of the 5′ nontranslated region (NTR) and the 3′ NTR were 164 and 468 nucleotides, respectively. The genome organization of the virus was typical for members of the genus Potyvirus in the family Potyviridae . The coat protein amino acid sequence identity between PepSMV and the other 45 potyviruses ranged from 53.4 to 79.7%. Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analyses of the potyviral polyprotein sequences revealed that PepSMV was the closest to potato virus Y (PVY) and closely related to members of the PVY subgroup. Our genome sequence data clearly confirmed that PepSMV belongs to a separate species in the genus Potyvirus .
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2006
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