Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are a good candidate for tissue engineering and clinical application. One of the challenges in its cell therapy is how to quickly obtain an adequate number of seed cells and meanwhile maintain suitable differentiation potential. In this study we combined three-dimensional (3D) collagen porous scaffolds with rotary cell culture system (RCCS) (RCCS-3D) to create a stereoscopic dynamic environment for the amplification of rat BMSCs in vitro. The results revealed that this RCCS-3D system could enhance BMSCs’ proliferation and colony formation, as well as maintain the differentiation potential compared with conventional static two-dimensional (2D) and 3D cell culture conditions. In addition, high-throughput microarray analysis showed that gene expressions of RCCS-3D system displayed significant differences in cell proliferation and differentiation compared with static-2D conditions. Thus, RCCS-3D system could provide an effective means for BMSCs cell proliferation in vitro and meanwhile maintain differentiation potential in tissue engineering.
Scientific Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 2017
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