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The Changes in the Pathways of Mitochondrial Oxidation at the Initial Period of Tuber Development

The Changes in the Pathways of Mitochondrial Oxidation at the Initial Period of Tuber Development The rate of oxygen consumption and the participation of the mitochondrial oxidases cytochrome oxidase (COX) and the alternative KCN-resistant mitochondrial oxidase (AOX) were determined in nondifferentiated stolons and small newly developed tubers. High rates of about 300 μl O2/(g fr wt h) and low sensitivity to cyanide were characteristic of stolon respiration. The AOX activity comprised the major part of the latter (60%). As tubers developed, their respiration rate declined and the proportion of mitochondrial oxidases changed: COX became the major terminal oxidase, while the AOX input dropped to 15% of the total oxygen consumption. The AOX input correlated with the total monosaccharide content in stolons and tubers. These data are in line with the concept that the alternative pathway of mitochondrial oxidation serves as a mechanism of energy overflow by which to utilize excess carbohydrates that the cell can neither store nor utilize. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Changes in the Pathways of Mitochondrial Oxidation at the Initial Period of Tuber Development

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
DOI
10.1023/A:1009094413755
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The rate of oxygen consumption and the participation of the mitochondrial oxidases cytochrome oxidase (COX) and the alternative KCN-resistant mitochondrial oxidase (AOX) were determined in nondifferentiated stolons and small newly developed tubers. High rates of about 300 μl O2/(g fr wt h) and low sensitivity to cyanide were characteristic of stolon respiration. The AOX activity comprised the major part of the latter (60%). As tubers developed, their respiration rate declined and the proportion of mitochondrial oxidases changed: COX became the major terminal oxidase, while the AOX input dropped to 15% of the total oxygen consumption. The AOX input correlated with the total monosaccharide content in stolons and tubers. These data are in line with the concept that the alternative pathway of mitochondrial oxidation serves as a mechanism of energy overflow by which to utilize excess carbohydrates that the cell can neither store nor utilize.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2004

References