The rate of oxygen consumption and the participation of the mitochondrial oxidases cytochrome oxidase (COX) and the alternative KCN-resistant mitochondrial oxidase (AOX) were determined in nondifferentiated stolons and small newly developed tubers. High rates of about 300 μl O2/(g fr wt h) and low sensitivity to cyanide were characteristic of stolon respiration. The AOX activity comprised the major part of the latter (60%). As tubers developed, their respiration rate declined and the proportion of mitochondrial oxidases changed: COX became the major terminal oxidase, while the AOX input dropped to 15% of the total oxygen consumption. The AOX input correlated with the total monosaccharide content in stolons and tubers. These data are in line with the concept that the alternative pathway of mitochondrial oxidation serves as a mechanism of energy overflow by which to utilize excess carbohydrates that the cell can neither store nor utilize.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004